MEST Journal
Editor
Zoran Čekerevac











If you want to review or comment some of the listed articles, please, first copy the article title and click here.

In the next issues of the MEST Journal, among others, we will publish:
(To see the abstract of an item click the title of the item)

  1. Oksana Koshulko
    HUMAN CAPITAL DEPRECIATION OF FEMALE IMMIGRANTS AND WAYS TO RESTORE LOST HUMAN CAPITAL

    To read the article before publishing click here

  2. Tetyana Melnyk and Oksana Losheniuk
    ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF DYNAMICS IN MIGRATION PROCESSES

    To read the article before publishing click here

  3. Lucia Vallecillo Graziatti
    THE TREATIES OF MAASTRICHT, AMSTERDAM, AND NICE

    To read the article before publishing click here




HUMAN CAPITAL DEPRECIATION OF FEMALE IMMIGRANTS AND WAYS TO RESTORE LOST HUMAN CAPITAL

Oksana Koshulko

Abstract
This paper presents the results of research on female immigration from the former Soviet Union conducted in the 2014-2015 academic years in the cities of Antalya, Istanbul and Izmir in Turkey. The article also presents an explanation of the terms "Human capital depreciation" and "human capital restoration (or recovery)" as they apply to female immigrants from the countries of the former Soviet Union in Turkey. The article shows the educational level of female immigrants from the former Soviet Union, their difficulties in obtaining recognition of their academic diplomas, their opportunities and desires concerning the continuation their education or of moving into higher education in Turkey as a means of restoration of their Human capital in that country. The following definitions also apply in this paper such as ‘basic and professional human capital’. Conclusions about the prevention of Human capital depreciation and the restoration of Human capital for female immigrants are included in the paper.

Keywords:Basic and professional human capital, depreciation, restoration, Turkey, female immigrants, Soviet Union

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ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF DYNAMICS IN MIGRATION PROCESSES

Tetyana Melnyk
Oksana Losheniuk

Abstract:
Considerable interstate movements of the labor force are taking place in nowadays world economy due to the reasons of economic and non-economic character. It makes the governments all over the world find mechanisms and take measures concerning the regulation of international labor migration. In this regard, it is impossible to use the complex approach of search without investigating the macroeconomic effect of this phenomenon to find out the major social and economic determinants. Economic effects have a significant impact on economies of donor and recipient countries. An important indicator for investigating the economic effect of international labor migration is money transfers. They cause redistribution of net benefits from emigration between labor importing and labor-exporting countries, as well as they, facilitate the GDP growth, the creation of new workplaces, investment processes and business development, and stimulate housing mortgage crediting. The negative effects of remittances on the economy of the donor country stipulate the stimulation of price increase on goods and services, the formation of the greater dependence of the donor country’s economy on the labor force emigration, the reduction of probable governmental investments or foreign investments. In case of an appropriately constructed policy, the negative effects of international labor migration decrease while the positive impact on national economy increases. The article determines the effects of international labor migration and provides recommendations as for maximization of the positive impact of international labor migration on countries’ economies all over the world.

Keywords: economic effects, remittances, international labor migration, emigration, transfers

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THE TREATIES OF MAASTRICHT, AMSTERDAM, AND NICE

Lucia Vallecillo Graziatti

Abstract
The Treaty of Maastricht in 1992, along with the following treaties of Amsterdam and Nice, were the consequences of European development in the field of integration. They just were the next logical step after the Single European Act, following the pattern based on the spillover effect; further integration solves different problems, as the mentioned treaty of 1986 improved the performance of the Common Market in the European communities, but also generated new problems that could be solved only with deeper integration, with a new treaty, with the Treaty of Maastricht. According to this development, the European Union is just a part of the process and never the final shape of the European organization. Hence this research analyses the contribution of these three treaties to the integration of Europe focusing on what existing problems they solved and what new problems they generated. Some of the new necessities created by these essential treaties were solved by the treaty of Lisbon, but others still need to be addressed. The three treaties are important for Europe because they meant a great step forward in terms of integration, as they created the European Union (before European Communities) and some other fundamental milestones as the common currency the Euro.

Keywords:
European Union, Treaty of Maastricht, Treaty of Amsterdam, Treaty of Nice, European Union Integration, European development

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MESTE NGO and MEST Journal strongly support teamwork and encourage international scientific cooperation.

That is why we are especially willing to publish works of groups of authors from two or more different countries.












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