MEST Journal
Editor
Zoran Čekerevac











If you want to review or comment some of the listed articles, please, first copy the article title and click here.

In the next issues of the MEST Journal, among others, we will publish:
(To see the abstract of an item click the title of the item)

  1. Oksana Koshulko
    HUMAN CAPITAL DEPRECIATION OF FEMALE IMMIGRANTS AND WAYS TO RESTORE LOST HUMAN CAPITAL

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  2. Tetyana Melnyk and Oksana Losheniuk
    ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF DYNAMICS IN MIGRATION PROCESSES

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  3. Lucia Vallecillo Graziatti
    THE TREATIES OF MAASTRICHT, AMSTERDAM, AND NICE

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  4. Igor Wysocki and Walter E. Block
    AN ANALYSIS OF THE SUPPLY CURVE: DOES IT DEPICT HOMOGENEITY AMONG ITS CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS? ANOTHER REJOINDER TO NOZICK.

    To read the article before publishing click here

  5. Lubos Mahdon, Jana Lopusanova and Ladislav Novak
    MOTIVATION OF POPULATION TO PREPARE FOR CRISIS SITUATIONS

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  6. Vida Vilic
    INTERNATIONAL AND SERBIAN LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN CYBERSPACE

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  7. Antoaneta Kirova
    STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS FOR INNOVATION AND INTELLIGENT CONCEPTS FOR TRANSPORT AND MOBILITY

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HUMAN CAPITAL DEPRECIATION OF FEMALE IMMIGRANTS AND WAYS TO RESTORE LOST HUMAN CAPITAL

Oksana Koshulko

Abstract
This paper presents the results of research on female immigration from the former Soviet Union conducted in the 2014-2015 academic years in the cities of Antalya, Istanbul and Izmir in Turkey. The article also presents an explanation of the terms "Human capital depreciation" and "human capital restoration (or recovery)" as they apply to female immigrants from the countries of the former Soviet Union in Turkey. The article shows the educational level of female immigrants from the former Soviet Union, their difficulties in obtaining recognition of their academic diplomas, their opportunities and desires concerning the continuation their education or of moving into higher education in Turkey as a means of restoration of their Human capital in that country. The following definitions also apply in this paper such as ‘basic and professional human capital’. Conclusions about the prevention of Human capital depreciation and the restoration of Human capital for female immigrants are included in the paper.

Keywords:Basic and professional human capital, depreciation, restoration, Turkey, female immigrants, Soviet Union

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ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF DYNAMICS IN MIGRATION PROCESSES

Tetyana Melnyk
Oksana Losheniuk

Abstract:
Considerable interstate movements of the labor force are taking place in nowadays world economy due to the reasons of economic and non-economic character. It makes the governments all over the world find mechanisms and take measures concerning the regulation of international labor migration. In this regard, it is impossible to use the complex approach of search without investigating the macroeconomic effect of this phenomenon to find out the major social and economic determinants. Economic effects have a significant impact on economies of donor and recipient countries. An important indicator for investigating the economic effect of international labor migration is money transfers. They cause redistribution of net benefits from emigration between labor importing and labor-exporting countries, as well as they, facilitate the GDP growth, the creation of new workplaces, investment processes and business development, and stimulate housing mortgage crediting. The negative effects of remittances on the economy of the donor country stipulate the stimulation of price increase on goods and services, the formation of the greater dependence of the donor country’s economy on the labor force emigration, the reduction of probable governmental investments or foreign investments. In case of an appropriately constructed policy, the negative effects of international labor migration decrease while the positive impact on national economy increases. The article determines the effects of international labor migration and provides recommendations as for maximization of the positive impact of international labor migration on countries’ economies all over the world.

Keywords: economic effects, remittances, international labor migration, emigration, transfers

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THE TREATIES OF MAASTRICHT, AMSTERDAM, AND NICE

Lucia Vallecillo Graziatti

Abstract
The Treaty of Maastricht in 1992, along with the following treaties of Amsterdam and Nice, were the consequences of European development in the field of integration. They just were the next logical step after the Single European Act, following the pattern based on the spillover effect; further integration solves different problems, as the mentioned treaty of 1986 improved the performance of the Common Market in the European communities, but also generated new problems that could be solved only with deeper integration, with a new treaty, with the Treaty of Maastricht. According to this development, the European Union is just a part of the process and never the final shape of the European organization. Hence this research analyses the contribution of these three treaties to the integration of Europe focusing on what existing problems they solved and what new problems they generated. Some of the new necessities created by these essential treaties were solved by the treaty of Lisbon, but others still need to be addressed. The three treaties are important for Europe because they meant a great step forward in terms of integration, as they created the European Union (before European Communities) and some other fundamental milestones as the common currency the Euro.

Keywords:
European Union, Treaty of Maastricht, Treaty of Amsterdam, Treaty of Nice, European Union Integration, European development

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AN ANALYSIS OF THE SUPPLY CURVE: DOES IT DEPICT HOMOGENEITY AMONG ITS CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS? ANOTHER REJOINDER TO NOZICK.

Igor Wysocki
Walter E. Block

Abstract:
The supply curve embodies prices and quantities offered for sale of a good. But need each element of this supply be interchangeable? If so, then the person to whom the supply curve applies much necessarily be indifferent among all of these homogeneous components of the supply curve. However, Austrian economists reject the notion of indifference. Must they then jettison one of the most basic elements of economics, the supply curve? In this paper, we aver that the supply curve presupposes the notion of the same good and we approximate ‘the same good’ in steps. First, we delve into the concept of a good as such and only then do we consider what an economic good is, the latter being a proper subset of the former. Eventually, we order the set of economic goods by the relation of sameness, thus arriving at non-overlapping equivalence classes with their respective elements being the same goods. Equipped with this framework, we ultimately try to resist the Nozick’s challenge.

Keywords: Supply curve; indifference; Austrian economics

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MOTIVATION OF POPULATION TO PREPARE FOR CRISIS SITUATIONS

Lubos Mahdon
Jana Lopusanova
Ladislav Novak

Abstract
The crisis is, because of the conceptual sign itself, in most cases, a very difficult predictable phenomenon, something unusual, distinct from an event that is regularly and predictably recurrent and which, if it occurs, threatens a large number of inhabitants, property, and the environment. The public's preparedness for extraordinary events can best be achieved if the objectives of education are well known, as well as the content of education, forms, methods and means of education, as well as the expected results. To achieve the best possible learning outcomes, it is necessary to analyze current practical solutions to prepare the population for crisis situations. Although an individual cannot reverse the course of a crisis event, he can significantly reduce consequences by choosing right behavior. This individual behavior can be achieved by applying individual motivational theories. Preparedness in case of danger can best be achieved if there are well-known targets teaching people the contents of education, forms, methods and means of education, motivational techniques and instruments and the expected results of the action plan for crisis events, of course, that all these forms of preparedness filled with must scrutinize issues relating to them. Some knowledge can be gained from the past, but we must be aware that for the present time it can be almost useless, we can say that they are applicable only to acquire basic knowledge.

Keywords:
crisis, analysis, crisis preparedness, motivation, motivational theory

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INTERNATIONAL AND SERBIAN LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN CYBERSPACE

Vida Vilic

Abstract
With the usage of the Internet, transmission of digital data and information has become even easier. As soon as certain personal information is published on the Internet, it becomes public and available to anyone to read and use. The right to privacy in its origin indicates a person's desire not to be disturbed. Privacy on the Internet consists of the right to personal information, and informational privacy includes informational security, meaning that informational society exists when everyone can decide how to dispose of his personal data, regarding his needs and community requirements, and it is often referred to as ’e-privacy’. The right to be informed must not affect the right to privacy, within the legal framework on both international and national levels. Being that computer crime has become a transnational problem, it is clear that the mechanisms to counter fight this type of criminality should not merely focus on the changes in national criminal law legislation, but should also involve undertaking appropriate technical, structural and educational measures, followed by ratification and implementation of relevant technical and legal instruments in order to minimize the risk of computer misuse activities.

Keywords:
Privacy, e-privacy, information privacy, right to be informed, legal framework

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STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS FOR INNOVATION AND INTELLIGENT CONCEPTS FOR TRANSPORT AND MOBILITY

Antoaneta Kirova

Abstract
The European Commission aims to create a Single European Transport Area by removing residual barriers between modes of transport and national systems, facilitating the integration process and facilitating the emergence of multinational transport providers with the possibility of intramodality. The Integrated Transport Strategy of the Republic of Bulgaria until 2030 provides for specific measures to achieve strategic objectives, answer specific priorities, and solve the identified problems in the transport sector. The thesis of the presented paper is that to reduce fuel consumption and increase the energy efficiency of transport, deploy alternative energy sources, improve transport system management (through intelligent transport and information systems and by increasing institutional capacity), as well as to develop efficient intermodal solutions, the creation of cluster associations in the transport sector is crucial. The research made has brought forward certain practical achievements discussed hereto. Further different strategic forms within the transport sectors are investigated, related to the process of clustering.

Keywords:
Clusters, strategic alliances, transport sector, European transport policy

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MESTE NGO and MEST Journal strongly support teamwork and encourage international scientific cooperation.

That is why we are especially willing to publish works of groups of authors from two or more different countries.












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