MEST Journal
Editor
Zoran Čekerevac











If you want to review or comment some of the listed articles, please, first copy the article title and click here.

In the next issues of the MEST Journal, among others, we will publish:
(To see the abstract of an item click the title of the item)

  1. Ivan Luchian and Victoria Iordachi
    BANK INNOVATIONS: THEORETICAL ASPECTS AND IMPLEMENTATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

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  2. Zoran Todorovic
    APPLICATION OF THE ETHICS CODE AND RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT OF ACCOUNTS AND AUDITORS

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  3. Eliska Zupova
    MAYOR IN THE LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SLOVAKIA AND ELECTORAL TRENDS AND CHARACTERISTICS

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  4. Zeljko Burcar
    PRINCIPALS’ EVALUATION TASKS, TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION, AND DIFFERENCES

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  5. Oleg Rybalskyi, Valeriy Sereda, Viktor Solovyov and Zinaida Zhyvko
    USE OF TECHNOLOGICAL ERRORS OF EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING: DIGITAL SOUNDTRACKS AND DIGITAL RECORDING

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  6. Katarina Petrlova (Jelsovska) and Maria Polorecka (Simonova)
    BOWTIE ANALYSIS AS A TOOL FOR VISUALIZATION OF THE RISK SCENARIO

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  7. Marino Varricchio and Walter E. Block
    RUNAWAY CHILDREN AND STARVATION

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  8. Stanislav Filip
    MASS MIGRATION AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT OF THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

    To read the article before publishing click here

  9. Suat Askin
    EFFECTS OF TRAINING WORKSHOPS ON WORKER MOTIVATIONS AND PRODUCTIVITY BY ACADEMICS – A CASE OF AN INDUSTRIAL PLANT

    To read the article before publishing click here

  10. Piotr Adamczewski
    INTELLIGENT ORGANIZATIONS IN DIGITAL AGE - CASE STUDY OF SMES IN POLAND

    To read the article before publishing click here

  11. Dimitar Dimitrov and Nina Gergova
    SUMMARY FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF UNIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEMS AT "TODOR KABLESHKOV" UNIVERSITY OF TRANSPORT

    To read the article before publishing click here

  12. Anatolie Caraganciu and Constanța Tiuhtii
    IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPETITION LAW.
    ECONOMIC CONCENTRATIONS - CASE STUDIES IN THE PRACTICE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    To read the article before publishing click here

  13. Antoaneta Kirova
    PROSPECTS FOR BUSINESS CLUSTERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

    To read the article before publishing click here

  14. Marek Stych
    QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN POLAND’S HEALTHCARE STRUCTURE

    To read the article before publishing click here

  15. Munir Sabanovic, Muzafer Saracevic and Kemal Dzemic
    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DATA TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY BETWEEN SERVER AND CLIENT: AMF AND OBJECTS ON THE WEBSITE

    To read the article before publishing click here

  16. Marcin Paweska
    LOGISTICS FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

    To read the article before publishing click here

  17. Anastasiya Prigoda
    MIGRATION PROCESS IN MODERN WORLD

    To read the article before publishing click here




BANK INNOVATIONS: THEORETICAL ASPECTS AND IMPLEMENTATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Ivan Luchian
Victoria Iordachi

Abstract
The efficiency of the bank's activity, its competitiveness on market largely depends on implementation of new products, technologies and banking processes. This article relates theoretical key issues in defining bank innovations, as well as describes the process of developing innovative products by commercial banks. The final part of the study describes the main barriers that slow down the successful implementation of financial innovations in the bank sector of the Republic of Moldova. Moreover, there are given some solutions to redress the situation for the efficient implementation of innovations in the domestic financial market. Poor performances in the development of innovations on the Moldovan bank market arise from insufficient knowledge of banks as issuers, investors as buyers of risk and intermediary companies, as well as lack of regulation of the innovation process in bank sector which would clearly explain and regulate the issuance and trading mechanism of some new innovative bank products. The financial market in Moldova also needs a favorable legal, fiscal and accounting system. For the realization of the scientific article, a series of specific methods of research of economical problems, such as logical (analysis and synthesis), systemic, comparative and classification methods, were used as a methodological basis.

Keywords: banks, derivatives, economic growth, financial markets, new product development, risk and risk exposure

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APPLICATION OF THE ETHICS CODE AND RULES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT OF ACCOUNTS AND AUDITORS

Zoran Todorovic

Abstract:
The basic task of the Accountants and Auditors is to collect, arrange and present the information to the interested parties in form of accounting or audit reports. Reliable and transparent financial reporting, which results in true and fair presentation of the financial performance of companies, is an important determinant of the financial system reliability and stability. The high level of confidence in the quality of information shown in financial statements increases the security of investors, encourages new investments, accelerates the financial and trade flows and increases the efficiency of capital markets and the economy as a whole. Huge financial frauds and financial crisis led to high distrust in the accounting profession. Returning lost credibility is possible only if professional accountants and other participants in the process of financial reporting provide services to the highest ethical requirements. The efforts of the accounting profession are undeniable to respond to the changed requirements of the users of the financial statements, to create a normative basis, the application of which will provide quality financial reporting.

Keywords: quality of financial reporting, accounting, ethics, public interest, confidence, responsibility

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MAYOR IN THE LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SLOVAKIA AND ELECTORAL TRENDS AND CHARACTERISTICS

Eliska Zupova

Abstract
The aim of contribution is to present the partial nationwide research results aimed at detecting the electoral trend and electoral characteristics of the status of the local self-government in Slovakia. The research results were processed by using the primary data analysis and with using descriptive statistical methods. The sample consisted of a core set of objects. There had been addressed all mayors of 2,753 municipalities in the Slovak Republic. Research sample were mayors of the Slovak Republic. The results of the research brought a real reflection of the self-governing society in the municipalities of Slovakia, its electoral trend, and electoral characteristics. The distribution of the sample by gender is in favor of men (67.6%), the highest number of respondents has a university education (51.5%). The contribution brings recommendations for the next parliamentary term. Elections to municipalities will be held in November 2018. Compared to the previous parliamentary term, the educational level of the mayors of municipalities has increased, but the problems of municipalities in Slovakia persist. The apparent increase in education is not a determinant of the success of the mayor of the municipality in the performance of the function, it is necessary to address the compliance of the education and the requirements for the performance of the function.

Keywords: elections, public sector, local search

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PRINCIPALS’ EVALUATION TASKS, TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION, AND DIFFERENCES

Zeljko Burcar

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to examine the teachers’ attitudes towards the principals’ evaluation tasks. The secondary aim is to examine the relations between the number of shifts, a number of students, teachers’ level of education, teachers’ daily and weekly workload, and teachers’ perception of the evaluation tasks that principals perform. The sample consists of school teachers from the Republic of Croatia (N=87), covering ISCED 2 and 3 educational levels. The sample is intentional and occasional and represents experienced teachers and expert associates suitable for this type of research. The scale constructed for this research has been extracted from the scale for the assessment of the principals’ role designed by Burcar (2010). The findings from our research lead us to the conclusion that gender differences in the perception of the principals’ evaluation tasks exist only on the control subscale. Our research confirms the teachers’ perception of the principals’ evaluation tasks: insight, analysis, control, and grading. Teachers have attitudes about them because they are visible, which means that principals actually perform them. Principals are evaluators. In the prognosis of the principals’ evaluation and grading tasks, the daily and weekly workload has a statistically significant predictive value.

Keywords: Education, analyses, control, grading, school management, leadership, principal’s role

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USE OF TECHNOLOGICAL ERRORS OF EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING: DIGITAL SOUNDTRACKS AND DIGITAL RECORDING

Oleg Rybalskyi
Valeriy Sereda
Viktor Solovyov
Zinaida Zhyvko

Abstract
The article deals with the theoretical bases of creating examination tools for the authenticity of digital soundtracks and identification of digital recording equipment based on a new direction. The purpose of this article is to show some theoretical considerations underlying our developed experimental examination tools. We believe that this will be done in the form of a series of articles, which are consistently showing the theoretical and experimental background of creating practical software products and techniques for authentication of digital soundtracks and identification of digital recording equipment, embedded in the practices of expert institutions of Ukraine. It is shown that parasite processes arising up in the elements of matrices and ADCS carry steady individual character. The use of these processes is offered for the receipt of identification signs, suitable for the use in examination of integrity and authenticity of the information contained in videogrammes. These signs carry fractal character, that it can be used for their selection from noises of images and subsequent statistical treatment. The direction is grounded on the use of stray parameters of the recording equipment, fixed in intrinsic noises of phonogram arising from technological errors of manufacturing equipment.

Keywords:
authenticity, identification, digital recording, examination tools, digital soundtrack, examination, analog-to-digital conversion, fractality

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BOWTIE ANALYSIS AS A TOOL FOR VISUALIZATION OF THE RISK SCENARIO

Katarina Petrlova (Jelsovska)
Maria Polorecka (Simonova)

Abstract
The article aims to apply the bowtie analysis to the visualization of a development of a specific scenario of the combined risk. Its authors build on their previous work, where they started with the typology, interactions and the definition of the combined risk and determined the probability of formation of the combined risk. The aim of the present article is the visualization of the scenario where a natural event triggers the release of dangerous chemicals by the application of the bowtie analysis. It was achieved by using two well-known methods of the risk analysis – the fault tree analysis and event tree analysis. Through the methods used, the authors obtained the basic model trees for the causes and consequences. The next step, as an addition to the used method, was to establish particular barriers that could be used to decrease the probability of a top event or to decrease the consequences. This information is the best basis for further analyses of the phenomenon of the combined risk (when a natural disaster triggers the release of dangerous goods).

Keywords:
risk, simulation, analysis, accidents, decision-making

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RUNAWAY CHILDREN AND STARVATION

Marino Varricchio
Walter E. Block

Abstract
In this paper, we argue that Rothbard’s version of the non-aggression principle, in conjunction with his account of self-ownership, is flawed. He interprets several acts that should be considered legal as criminal. First, he allows a three-year child to run away from his non-abusive parents and criminalizes the latter if they forcibly prevent this. Second, this author prohibits parents from forcing their two-year-old child to eat and drink, or have his diaper changed, when the baby refuses. We do not at all oppose the non-aggression principle. On the contrary, we reject Rothbard’s interpretation of it when he applies it to children. Our main criticism is that this author is contradictory with regards to the legal status of the relationship children/parents. First, he argues that parents, despite several limitations, own their children. Second, he states that children are self-owners. If this is the case, every aggression against them should be considered a criminal act. However, since parents stand in a special legal relationship with their children, certain forms of aggression committed by them are legally permissible and, in certain cases, compulsory.

Keywords:
Libertarianism, the non-aggression principle, children’s rights, parental rights, homesteading

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MASS MIGRATION AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT OF THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Stanislav Filip

Abstract
Author of this article analyses the current state of a readiness of the crisis management in the public administration of the Slovak Republic to deal with potential crisis situations caused by the massive influx of the illegal migrants to the city or town areas. Introduction of the article defines the theoretical framework of migration issue proposing the possible scenarios from threats of the own citizens and territories occupies by illegal migrants. It analyzes the current legal procedures of the crisis management of the public administration and its cooperation with non-governmental organizations to solve the social crisis. At the end of the article, the author presents the possible solutions for the training of staff and equipment of the rescue and security units to improve their readiness for real solution to the social crisis.

Keywords:
immigration policy, crisis scenarios, crisis management, public administration

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EFFECTS OF TRAINING WORKSHOPS ON WORKER MOTIVATIONS AND PRODUCTIVITY BY ACADEMICS – A CASE OF AN INDUSTRIAL PLANT

Suat Askin

Abstract
The purpose is to examine the effect of “motivation” which plays an important role in institutions of Labor force productivity in an industrial entity. It is also aimed at providing a contribution to recent studies by examining its effects on productivity as well as knowledge and skill gain due to periodical training seminars and those on expectations and behaviors of employees. Important targets of such training include personal development and increase in labor force productivity. In this sense, the study examined the productivity aspect of training seminars in an integral frame (motivation, wage, social relations, training, and communication) and whether such aspects exhibit differences in terms of gender, marital status, educational status, department, job title, and age. This study in which contribution of training seminars provided in the entity on the development of personal behavior was conducted with the participation of a study group of 186 persons with various job titles. Effect of training seminars provided by Adiyaman University members on labor force effectiveness and development of personal behavior and factors affecting such process have been examined. A scale composed of 58 questions has been developed for the motivation and productivity fields, and determination of employee’s expectations and opinions. The industrial entity which is engaged in manufacturing activities employs 400 persons. According to SPSS during processing the questionnaires. The questionnaire form was composed of two parts which are: The demographical structure of the employees was classified according to opinions and expectations of the employees about wage, motivation, social relations, training, and productivity.

Keywords:
Labor productivity, Motivation, Training Seminars

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INTELLIGENT ORGANIZATIONS IN DIGITAL AGE - CASE STUDY OF SMES IN POLAND

Piotr Adamczewski

Abstract
Business in the 21st century is being redefined by a data-driven revolution. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play an essential role in the global economic growth. The share of the Polish SME sector in GNP has been at 48% for years now. This sector has been also among the most dynamically developing and computerizing areas in the Polish economy. ICT (Information and Communication Technology) systems create the foundation of modern economic organizations in the times of digital transformation. This applies in particular to advanced ICT infrastructure, which is the condition sine qua non for the effective knowledge management. The objective of this article is to discuss organizational and technological aspects within the modern knowledge management using ICT called SMAC (Social, Mobility, Analytics, Cloud), being at present the canon of ICT support in this respect. The analysis has been illustrated with findings of research carried out by the author in 2014-17 in selected SMEs from Mazowieckie and Wielkopolskie provinces.

Keywords:
ICT, intelligent organization, SMAC, knowledge management, SME

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SUMMARY FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF UNIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEMS AT "TODOR KABLESHKOV" UNIVERSITY OF TRANSPORT

Dimitar Dimitrov
Nina Gergova

Abstract
The development of the university information systems has as its main purpose the coverage of the processes for providing the educational and scientific process, the administrative, the economic and other activities related to the work of the university. The overall process involved in conducting the training of the students includes the maintenance of a database of students and lecturers, which reflects on all the events during their stay at the university. This includes their personal data. In the case with the students, this is data related to the events of credentials, assessments, etc., and for the lecturers, this is their workload in hours, committees, bachelor or master thesis defense, scientific reports, etc. Finally, there are additional commitments in business activities as well as technical maintenance of university buildings and facilities. In practice, it is very difficult and expensive to build and maintain only one single system that automates all processes. Generally, a basic information system is being developed, and many other parallel systems are integrated, which integrate and interact with each other. In this publication, a functional analysis and evaluation of the implemented and used university information systems are developed for ensuring the processes at “Todor Kableshkov” University of Transport, Bulgaria. Classification of these information systems has been made depending on their functionality and purpose. The basic features and functional scope of the embedded information systems are also given.

Keywords:
information system, university, enterprise resource planning, learning, scientific, business activities, website

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IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPETITION LAW.
ECONOMIC CONCENTRATIONS - CASE STUDIES IN THE PRACTICE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Anatolie Caraganciu
Constanța Tiuhtii

Abstract:
Maintaining a normal competitive environment is the basis of competition policy. The process of identification, analysis and sanctioning of law breaches is very complex. During this process, there are identified the particularities of parties involved and the global situation of the relevant market. Impact factors for the analysis of infringement cases are the effects they produce on the competitive environment as well as on the final consumer. At the same time, the legislation provides for the anticipation of violations through rules for the coordination of actions that could raise the concerns of the competition authorities, before their implementation. Usually, the frequently encountered infringements of competition law regulations are those relating to mergers. This easy way to increase market power is seen as a method of developing competitiveness by companies. Moreover, achieve performance on market is the main objective of companies in business. In this context, often, the economic concentrations made by economical agents infringe the law due to the danger of their effects on the competitive environment, but also because they are not coordinated with the competition authorities before their implementation. The paper presents an analysis of the application of the provisions of the competition law particular to the economic concentrations, their analysis, as well as the impact of the effects of the economic concentrations on the facilitation or worsening of the sanctions. The case study presents real cases on the Moldovan market.

Keywords: merger, dominant position, remedies, merger effects, merger notification

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PROSPECTS FOR BUSINESS CLUSTERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

Antoaneta Kirova

Abstract
The concept of business clusters dates to the emergence of industrial centers backed by trade during the late Renaissance and the early modern period. The modern economic map abounds with clusters, i.e. concentrated critical masses of geographically co-located companies, but clusters are not unique. They represent typical structures, maintaining the competitive advantages based on local conditions, traditions, and resources, aiming at raising these competitive advantages at a global level. Clusters are increasingly becoming an important feature of modern economies. The positioning of Bulgaria in the field of global technologies imposed and maintained by the leading economies implies an appropriate policy at a state level strongly dependent on innovations. On the other hand, innovations are linked with the potential for development of high-quality education in Bulgaria, based on knowledge, skills, and capacity for absorption and further development of new technologies, but coordination of innovation, education, and training policies with the needs of the labor market is required. From the economic and political point of view, business clusters can boost the economic development at the regional level in Bulgaria, due to the inclusion of the existing elements of the innovation infrastructure. On the other hand, the development and creation of new clusters is an important prerequisite for the establishment of sustainable links between education, training, and business, thus contributing to the implementation of standards for new competencies and professions. The location of vocational schools and relevant universities also predetermines the geographic positioning of clusters.

Keywords:
Business clusters, two approaches for economic development, new emerging industries, added value

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QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN POLAND’S HEALTHCARE STRUCTURE

Marek Stych

Abstract
Providing medical services is a special activity in medicine as it occurs in a particular market – which the medical sector is – and possesses an exceptional goal, that being the preservation of human life. The specificity of this sector results from the fact that it compels correct and disciplined procedures since mistakes, or lack of competence by medical personnel are not allowed where rescuing human life is concerned. Legal regulation advances appropriate standards which should ensure proper service levels for the widest group of patients. In practice, these regulations help in identifying patient expectations and make possible efficient implementation of said standards. An example of such quality standards mechanisms is the ISO as developed by the International Organization for Standardization. Accreditation requirements are also developed by the Center for Monitoring Healthcare Quality (unofficial translation). The intention of the article is to define the meaning of healthcare quality and its management thereof from the perspective of current regulations and predominant trends in Poland’smedical service market. Additionally, examined are the normalization of quality standards of Poland’s healthcare and the directions of efforts by healthcare institutions.

Keywords:
healthcare quality, medical service sector, quality management

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DATA TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY BETWEEN SERVER AND CLIENT: AMF AND OBJECTS ON THE WEBSITE

Munir Sabanovic
Muzafer Saracevic
Kemal Dzemic

Abstract
This paper presents a comparative analysis of data formatting technology in AMF when transferring data between client and server in the author application and on http://www.baguetteamf.com/. Given is an authoring application that allows timing and analysis of the AMF objects’ transport, this technology. Included here are aspects of data speed rate, output file size, data transfer security, code complexity on the client’s and the server’s part. The time of data transition, packed in objects is divided onto the query preparation time (serializations), a connection establishing time, deserialization time on the server and a client side, and a query time in a database. By analyzing this time periods, it is established where the most of time is spent, from the moment of a data request to the moment of a data transportation. In a working application, the approximate time of a data loading is measured by fifty iterations for a certain number of objects, whereby the number of objects is selected in a combo box, within the work application. At the end of the process, the chart is displayed with a time of serialization, deserialization, as well as a connection establishing, with and without Baguette AMF addendum, on the AMF-PHP component, in the rage from 100 to 1000 subscribed objects on an authorized application, and for the objects on a specified website.

Keywords:
AMF, PHP, client-server communication, data transfer, objects on the website

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LOGISTICS FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

Marcin Paweska

Abstract
The modern world, in addition to the developing modern civilization and democracy, is characterized by the constant threat and emergence of extraordinary events in various forms. These events have a negative impact on human safety and security across the world, but especially in developing countries, with a weak economy and democracy. This entails the need for humanitarian aid for people affected by extraordinary incidents, especially in countries where governments for various reasons are unable to provide all citizens with necessary help. In this article, the author explains the concepts of humanitarianism and humanitarian aid and presents its main goals and the basic principles of its conduct. This includes legislative framework as well as key principles of delivering humanitarian aid. It also characterizes the main humanitarian aid providers across the world including states, intergovernmental (transnational) organizations (IGOs), and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Next, the article shows humanitarian aid providers specific to Poland.

Keywords:
security, threat, aid, humanitarianism

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MIGRATION PROCESS IN MODERN WORLD

Anastasiya Prigoda

Abstract
Migration is the movement of people within a particular region, district, territory, often moving over long distances to other countries. Population size affects not only the natural reproduction but also the migration of the population. The share of migrants has increased several times, which significantly affects the economy, social development and political orientation of the developed countries of Europe, North America, Australia, the Russian Federation and China. In recent years, tolerant policy in the United States in respect of refugees from Syria, Libya, Iran, and Yemen have changed dramatically to the opposite. Under the ban on temporary entry were the holders of green cards, which give the right to legal residence and work in the United States. The monetary burden rests on the shoulders of taxpayers, citizens of the European countries, Asia, the USA, due to tax increases, increasing dissatisfaction with the working-age population, which leads to adverse consequences for the ruling leadership of developed countries. Over 46% of the immigrants from Russia have higher education, are highly qualified employees, experts who are unable to find decent-paying work in the territory of the Russian Federation. The humane attitude of the international community must, as rational, informed decisions, which appear in the decrees, laws, regulations and accepted norms.

Keywords:
Migration, human rights, law, refugees, world community, United Nations, CIS

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MESTE NGO and MEST Journal strongly support teamwork and encourage international scientific cooperation.

That is why we are especially willing to publish works of groups of authors from two or more different countries.












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